The multi-disciplinary “Fisheries Science” is an applied science, involving the basic principles of a wide range of subjects from several disciplines of arts, science and commerce. As a result, concise literature on any particular aspects is hardly available. This is more significant in the field of legislation, which deals with an extensive arena, starting from the protective regulations for inland fishery enacted by the provincial governments to suit to the local conditions up to the international laws of the sea. As such the present work is an attempt to study fisheries legislation from the grass-root level up to the global prospective with special emphasis to India.
Additional Info
  • Publisher: Laxmi Publications
  • Language: English
  • ISBN : 978-93-5274-275-2
  • Chapter 1

    Contents

    Contents

  • Chapter 2

    Preface

    Preface

  • Chapter 3

    Acknowledgement

    Acknowledgement

  • Chapter 4

    List of Figures

    List of Figures

  • Chapter 5

    Chapter - 1 Fish and Fisheries Price 0.11  |  0.11 Rewards Points

    Fish and fisheries are an integral part of economic activities in many nations around the world, especially in the poorer developing and under-developed countries, making substantial contributions to the national economy and social well-beings, by ensuring food and nutritional security for the people. It has been estimated that approximately 37 million people are employed in the fishery sector and fishery-related ancillary activities world over (FAO-1998) and in recent years global production from capture fisheries has varied between approximately 90–100 million
    tons. The fish and fisheries are used in variety of ways, ranging from mere subsistence to international trade of approximately 40 billion US$ annually. Over the past two decades, global fish production from capture fisheries has remained more or less stable, while production through
    aqua-farming has progressively increased year after year.

  • Chapter 6

    Chapter - 2 Fisheries Legislation Price 0.11  |  0.11 Rewards Points

    Any “Developing industry” will record only a stunted growth or perish soon, if proper planning, organization and control do not exist. The aquaculture and fishing industry are not the exceptions. Rather this is more relevant in relation to fisheries, since this sector deals with mostly the living, sensitive, hidden, mobile, migratory, renewable and perishable products, involving great deal of risk and uncertainty, with common property nature of the resources, necessitating legal implications for sustainability. As such, legislation in fisheries sector is a prime tool for assured return on a sustainable basis, by ensuring proper planning, organization and control over the resources, exploitation methods and the activities of the various stakeholders associated.

  • Chapter 7

    Chapter - 3 International Regulations on Fisheries Price 0.11  |  0.11 Rewards Points

    Fisheries and aquaculture make significant contributions to the world’s wellbeing and prosperity. In the last few decades, world fish food supply has outpaced global population growth and today fish constitutes an important source of nutritious food and animal protein for much of the population world over. In addition, the fisheries sector provides income and livelihoods, both directly and indirectly, for a significant stratum of the world’s population. Taking into account the family members and dependents, almost 540 million people, or nearly 8% of the world population, depend upon this sector for their livelihoods.

  • Chapter 8

    Chapter - 4 The Laws of the Sea Price 0.11  |  0.11 Rewards Points

    It is a matter of global acceptance that, each coastal nation has sovereignty over an area of the coastal seas, adjacent to its coast and all coastal/ non-coastal countries have the freedom of fishing in the high seas, called as the international water. The exploration and exploitation of the international waters of the high sea has a very long history of international cooperation as well as conflicts. This international confrontation as well as the cooperation is the major cause necessitating the formulation of international laws of the sea and formation of various international fisheries organizations.

  • Chapter 9

    Chapter - 5 International Fisheries Organizations Price 0.11  |  0.11 Rewards Points

    The international fisheries organizations are functional organizations, designed to perform specific tasks in the specific fields. The aims and objects of these organizations are to make decisions within their jurisdiction among the international communities, for regulating not only the international laws of marine fisheries but of the high seas in general, either at the regional or the global level (Koers A W-1973). As such, these organizations are working for bettering the world tomorrow, fighting against hunger and poverty worldwide, designed to perform specific tasks mostly operating regionally, rarely global in nature.

  • Chapter 10

    Chapter - 6 The Food and Agriculture Organization FAO of UNO1945 Price 0.11  |  0.11 Rewards Points

    The Food and Agriculture Organization (F.A.O.) under the United Nations Organization (UNO), was established during 1945 after the World War-II, to achieve food security for all i.e., to make sure that people have regular access to enough high-quality food to lead active and healthy lives.

  • Chapter 11

    Chapter - 7 Fisheries Legislation in India Price 0.11  |  0.11 Rewards Points

    The fisheries sector in India is an important sector, which contributes significantly to the national economy, providing livelihood to large numbers of people in the country. This sector has been recognized as a powerful income and employment generator, as it stimulates growth not only of
    a number of subsidiary industries but is a source of cheap and nutritious proteinous food also, besides being a source of foreign exchange earnings. Most importantly, it is the source of livelihood for a large stratum of economically backward population.

  • Chapter 12

    Chapter - 8 International Regional Agreements and Fishery ForumsBodiesProgramsProjectsConventions to which India is a Signatory Price 0.11  |  0.11 Rewards Points

    India is a signatory to various international/ regional forums, bodies, programs, projects and conventions, related to the fisheries development and management, protection of coastal habitats, fishers’ communities and fishery resources. India has also entered into agreement and also participates in the programs of the inter-governmental and regional organizations, dealing with the management and conservation of fisheries resources, trade of fish and fisheries products, welfare of various associated fisheries stakeholders.

  • Chapter 13

    Chapter - 9 Existing Regulatory Framework in India for the Marine Fisheries Price 0.11  |  0.11 Rewards Points

    The marine fishery resources of Indian EEZ stand assessed at 3.93 million metric tons as per the estimate of 2000. This resource is distributed in in-shore (58%), off-shore (35%) and deepsea (7%) waters. The major share of this resource is demersal (2.02 million tons), pelagic (1.67 million tons) and oceanic (0.24 million tons) resources. The estimate also indicates that there is scope for further augmenting the marine fish production by about 1.2 million tons, if fishing is carried out deploying resource-specific vessels, mainly in the high-seas. Another fact noticed is the depletion of marine resources in the coastal waters, which is either species specific or location specific, both resulting from unsustainable fishing pressure.

  • Chapter 14

    Chapter - 10 Existing Regulatory Framework in India for the Inland Fisheries Price 0.11  |  0.11 Rewards Points

    The Indian sub-continent, in spite of being blessed with rich natural resources due to its great geographical location, unfortunately is facing serious challenges of poverty, unemployment and overpopulation. Fishing and aquaculture cannot be considered as a simple economic activity; it is an important means of providing livelihood and food security to over 1.5 million fishers, in addition to others indirectly dependent on this sector. The Indian subcontinent is of vast expanse with total geographical area of 3.30 million km2, the ambient climate varying from temperate in the north to warm tropical in the south, being endowed with bountiful inland fishery resources, both in the fresh water as well as in the brackish water sector

  • Chapter 15

    Chapter - 11 Existing Regulatory Framework in India for Aquaculture Sector Price 0.11  |  0.11 Rewards Points

    Aquaculture is the science dealing with the methods of cultivating aquatic organisms. Apart from fish other forms of aquaculture are concerned with growing of frogs, prawns/shrimps, crabs, mussels, oysters, seaweeds etc. Aquaculture produces more than 50% of the food fish production
    in the world. Fish culture/pisciculture are the growing of fishes in a well-planned way, with/ without feeding and fertilization to grow up to harvestable size after a definite gestation period.

  • Chapter 16

    Chapter - 12 Existing Regulatory Framework for Quality Control and Export Price 0.11  |  0.11 Rewards Points

    All aqua-foods (like fish, prawn, lobster, crab, mussel, clam, oyster etc.) are highly perishable, necessitating post-harvest processing and preservation. Because, any aqua-food is obviously unusable if spoiled or putrefied. Therefore, no matter whatever bulk production is achieved, unless it is processed/ preserved to make it available to the consumers in usable form, the entire efforts would be futile and rather health hazard would culminate due to putrefication of the aqua-product. The purpose of fish processing and preservation is to deliver the aqua-food to consumers in prime condition. The steps necessary for this, begin before the fishing expedition starts and do not end until the fish is eaten or processed into oil, meal, feed etc.

  • Chapter 17

    Chapter - 13 Survey of the Existing Fishery Regulations in Force Price 0.11  |  0.11 Rewards Points

    Fisheries including aquaculture have been a vital source of food, nutrition, employment and economic prosperity for humanity since ancient times. The fisheries resources of India are noted as much for their diversity and heterogeneity in composition, as for their rich production
    potentiality. India is bestowed with vast and varied fisheries resources comprising of rivers and canals, lakes and reservoirs, ponds and tanks, floodplain lakes and wetlands, along with the extensive brackish-water and marine resources, besides, substantial area amenable for coldwater
    fisheries available in the medium and higher-altitudes of the mountain ranges including the Himalayan belt.

  • Chapter 18

    Chapter - 14 Critical Analysis of the Existing Regulations and Recommendations Price 0.11  |  0.11 Rewards Points

    India is one of the largest countries of the world, often referred to as a sub-continent on its own merit, with geographical area of 3.3 million km2. The southern Indian peninsula plunges into the Indian Ocean, with the peninsular tip at the Cape Cameroon (8° 4’ N latitude) being closer to the
    equator. As such, half of India falls above the Tropic of Cancer and half in the tropics, the climate varying from temperate in the north to warm tropical in the south. In view of the vastness of area, variations in the geographic terrain and climatic features, the available fisheries resources
    also exhibit great deal of variations.

  • Chapter 19

    Chapter - 15 Regulations for the Safety of the Fishing Vessels Price 0.11  |  0.11 Rewards Points

    Fishing, especially in the deep waters is always accompanied with high element of risk and uncertainty, sometimes even involving risk of life.

  • Chapter 20

    Chapter - 16 Regulations for the Manning of Fishing Vessels Price 0.11  |  0.11 Rewards Points

    A vessel cannot run on fuel, lubricant, air, water and sophisticated equipments only. This has to be operated by sufficient numbers of adequately trained, qualified and experienced crews, so that the vessel can function safely and accomplish the designed tasks smoothly and efficiently.

  • Chapter 21

    Chapter - 17 Regulations for the Prevention of Collisions at Sea Price 0.11  |  0.11 Rewards Points

    Cruising of a vessel in the high seas has to abide certain rules to avoid collisions, which is called as the international regulations for preventing collisions at sea or the rules of the road. These are regulations to prevent collisions of vessels/ships in the sea, like the traffic regulations on land
    for automobiles and in air for the air-crafts. These regulations are international in character accepted by all nations, except few modifications prescribed by few countries to be followed by vessels of their country to suit to the local conditions.

  • Chapter 22

    Chapter - 18 Regulations for the Life Saving Appliances Price 0.11  |  0.11 Rewards Points

    Life Saving Appliances (LSAs) are required to enable the crews to save their life at sea, ensuring their survival for few days, in case the vessel is in danger. The vessel may face danger due to many factors, most important among them being: fire, collision, agroundment, ship-wreck etc. These
    LSA equipments help the crews on board of the vessel to thrive for few days on sea, but LSA cannot bring them onto the shore.

  • Chapter 23

    Chapter - 19 Regulations for the Fire Fighting Appliances Price 0.11  |  0.11 Rewards Points

    Fire is one of the major hazards on the fishing vessel and for the safety of life at sea. In spite of all precautions, fire accident is one of the major causes in the vessels life. The fire accidents should be intimated to the Mercantile Marine Department (MMD), under the Ministry of Shipping and Transport, Government of India, for investigations of its cause. The fire is caused on board of the fishing vessels due to 3 major factors: oxygen, inflammable materials and heat. Fire prevention can be ensured by maintaining the vessel clean and tidy, timely maintenance of all FFAs in good
    conditions at appropriate intervals and by carrying out fire fighting trials to educate the crews.

  • Chapter 24

    References Price 0.11  |  0.11 Rewards Points

    References

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