The book is exhaustively upgraded and improved to incorporate the syllabi of various universities in India. It is specifically designed to serve the basic text for undergraduate course in “Industrial Safety and Environment” of Punjab Technical University, Jalandhar. Preparation of the first edition was strongly motivated with the objective that the students should be comfortable with the basic concept of industrial safety. The second objective was that the students should find the text interesting, which makes them grasp the subject by self-study. In present edition, the above objectives are kept intact, but the suggestions from users have led us to make the small changes that have improved the overall quality of the book. To make the book more useful new chapter on Ergonomics have been added and existing chapters have been thoroughly revised and enlarged.
Additional Info
  • Publisher: Laxmi Publications
  • Language: English
  • Chapter 1

    Safety Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    The concept of safety is probably as old as the history of mankind. From ancient times, even predating to his existence in the form of apes, man has been directing his efforts to protect himself and his belongings from danger i.e., danger from nature, from animals and other men. Today he is no longer afraid of wild animals but is afraid of viruses; diseases, forces of nature and accidents and has put in his efforts to protect himself and his dependents.

  • Chapter 2

    Industrial Accidents Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    The most agreed definition of accident is “It is an unplanned and uncontrolled event which causes or is likely to cause an injury”.Thus there is need to control and prevent the accidents. Now before we discuss the ways and means of accident prevention let us see what an accident is and how it occurs? A lot of research work has been done in this field.

  • Chapter 3

    Industrial Hazards Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    A hazard is something that has the potential to cause harm. This harm can affect people, property and processes as follows:
    a) People-Injury, illness, death, psychological trauma;
    b) Property-Damage, contamination, theft and wastage;
    c) Processes-Work disruption and interruption to production.

  • Chapter 4

    Factory Act. 1948 Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    OBJECTIVES
    a) To ensure adequate safety measures and to promote the health and welfare of the workers employed in factories.
    b) To prevent haphazard growth of factories through the provisions related to the approval of plans before the creation of a factory.

  • Chapter 5

    Environmental Factors in Industry Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    Environment performs three basic functions in relation to man:
    a) Provides living space and other amenities that make life qualitatively rich for man.
    b) It is the source of agricultural, mineral, water and other resources.
    c) It acts as a sink where all the waste produced by man is assimilated.
    Thus the definition of environment is not only bound within air, forests, lakes, rivers, oceans and other natural resources. According to Hammer, “ Environment can be divided into either natural or induced and then into controlled or artificial, and free or closed environment.

  • Chapter 6

    Heat Control Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    Many jobs require working in hot environments, both outdoors and indoors. Working in the heat and doing heavy physical work can affect the body’s cooling system. If the body is unable to cool itself, a worker can experience heat stress. If heat stress is not recognized and treated in the early stages, more serious and even fatal conditions may quickly develop. Workers who are required to work in hot conditions must be adequately prepared to deal with heat stress.

  • Chapter 7

    Lighting Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    Lighting is one of the physical facilities most required in a factory. It is the most important single environmental factor contributing to worker satisfaction, comfort and productivity. Adequate and good lighting is necessary for a worker so that he may see minute details of his job with ease and accuracy. Lighting is said to be good when it is free from glare and is properly diffused and its flow is direct and steady. Excessive lighting is harmful to the eyes of workers and should therefore be avoided.

  • Chapter 8

    Ventilation and Air-conditioning Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    Industrial ventilation is a method of controlling worker exposure to airborne toxic chemicals or flammable vapors by exhausting contaminated air away from the work area and replacing it with clean air. It is an alternative to control employee exposure to air contaminants in the workplace.

  • Chapter 9

    Noise Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    Noise is not a new problem in industry, although it is only recently that it has been recognized as a problem. Many a time noise is considered as a part of job and this is due to the fact that harmful effects of noise are not taken care of. While the consequences of improper guarding of machines and of exposure to toxic substances are well understood. This is rarely the case with noise. Besides being an annoyance, noise may interfere with working efficiency, it may cause accidents and can even damage worker’ hearing. Throughout the world governments, trade unions, managements are getting organized to meet this new challenge.

  • Chapter 10

    Vibration Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    There are two general classes of vibrations-free and forced. Free vibration takes place when a system oscillates under the action of forces inherent in the system itself, and when external impressed forces are absent. The system under free vibration will vibrate at one or more of its natural frequencies, which are properties of the dynamic system established by its mass and stiffness distribution.

  • Chapter 11

    Industrial Fatigue Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    Demand for increased production due to global competition and just-in-time manufacturing methods have forced many companies to adopt a 24 hour production schedule in order to stay economically competitive. By operating 24 hours per day, a plant can increase production. Operating industrial processes around-the-clock forces employees to remain awake at night, contrary to their normal biological rhythms. This leads to increased fatigue and reduced alertness and productivity.

  • Chapter 12

    Ergonomics Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    The term “ergonomics” is derived from two Greek words: “erg,” meaning work and “nomoi,” meaning natural laws. No matter what the job is, ergonomics plays an important role in preventing injury and illness. Ergonomics is a scientific discipline, which is concerned with improving the productivity, health, safety and comfort of people, as well as promoting effective interaction between people, technology they are using and the environment in which both must operate.

  • Chapter 13

    Industrial Wastes Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    Waste is something that is left over or that it is no longer needed. Waste can cause pollution and adverse impact upon our environment if not properly managed.

  • Chapter 14

    Environmental Standards Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    ISO is a network of the national standards institutes of 151 countries, on the basis of one member per country, with a Central Secretariat in Geneva, Switzerland, that coordinates the system. ISO is a non-governmental organization established in 1947: its members are not delegations of national governments. The organization mainly functions to develop voluntary technical standards that aim at making the development, manufacture and supply of goods and services more efficient, safe and clean.

  • Chapter 15

    Quality Standards Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    Hazards exist in every workplace in many different forms: sharp edges, falling objects, flying
    sparks, chemicals, noise and a myriad of other potentially dangerous situations. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) require that employers protect their employees from workplace hazards that can cause injury. Controlling a hazard at its source is the best way to protect employees. Depending on the hazard or workplace conditions, OSHA recommends the use of engineering or work practice controls to manage or eliminate hazards to the greatest extent possible. For example, building a barrier between the hazard and the employees is an engineering control; changing the way in which employees perform their work is a work practice control.

  • Chapter 16

    Personal Protective Equipment Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    Hazards exist in every workplace in many different forms: sharp edges, falling objects, flying sparks, chemicals, noise and a myriad of other potentially dangerous situations. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) require that employers protect their employees from workplace hazards that can cause injury. Controlling a hazard at its source is the best way to protect employees. Depending on the hazard or workplace conditions, OSHA recommends the use of engineering or work practice controls to manage or eliminate hazards to the greatest extent possible. For example, building a barrier between the hazard and the employees is an engineering control; changing the way in which employees perform their work is a work practice control.

  • Chapter 17

    Occupational Health Problems Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    Every organization should have an occupational health program. The objectives of a good occupational health program are:
    a) To protect employees against health hazards.
    b) To assure adequate medical care and rehabilitation to the occupationally injured.
    c) To encourage personal health maintenance.
    The achievement of these objectives benefits both employees and employers by improving their health, morale and productivity.

  • Chapter 18

    Handling Emergencies Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    Nobody expects an emergency specially one that affects them, their employees, and their business personally. Yet the simple truth is that emergencies can strike anyone, anytime, and anywhere. You and your employees could be forced to evacuate your company when you least expect it.

  • Chapter 19

    Safety Symbols Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    Safety signs and color are useful tools to help protect the health and safety of employees and workplace visitors. Safety signs are used to:
    a) Draw attention to health and safety hazards;
    b) Point out hazards that may not be obvious;
    c) Provide general information and directions;
    d) Remind employees where personal protective equipment must be worn;
    e) Show where emergency equipment is located;
    f) Indicate where certain actions are prohibited.

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