William Shakes Peare in his famous Drama, Henry IV, has said “Out of this nettle, danger, we pluck this flower, safety”. In God’s creation, danger and human falibility do exist in all spheres. Industry too has it’s share. Since independence, India has tried to take wide strides by embarking upon a planned economy with a view to generate all-round industrial development. In recent years, industrial development has resulted in advent of large enterprises with huge labour force. Obviously, the larger the labour force, the greater are the potential problems, particularly, their safety. Besides, the recent trend indicates that the employee can no longer be viewed as a commodity one must heed the writing on the wall. The state must move the alert manager to a recognition of the importance of the safety approach. The labour force today is better organised through the increasing strength of trade unions and their mighty movements. Worldwide, every year, around 60,000 people die and huge numbers are disabled for life in accidents. The I.L.O. findings portray an alarming picture on this score. Compared to other countries, there is precious little authentic data in respect of accident rates, causes and preventive measure taken by the Indian industries. No agency till date has been assigned the responsiblity to compile such records and no voluntary efforts have been made in this regard. However, as per one report at an all India level, 165 per one thousand workers get injured during construction activities. This is obviously very high, compared to the rates in the developed countries. Findings of I.L.O. reveal that the accident rate among industrial workers is highest in India, touching 4 per 1000 and a major share of it is accounted for by the building and construction sector. The chief cause of the majority of safety related losses is the absence of systematic process to identify and mitigate work place hazards and total unsafe work practices. It is the product of failure of supervision and management to effectively communicate the importance the safety has, on the continuing economic viability of the organisation employing them. The connotation of safety is far more than a worker, wearing a hat in the workshop of a factor on construction sites. It is rather a philosophy that identifies and eliminates job site hazards throughout life cycle of a project. It is a philosophy that discourages work practices that place individuals at risk of injury and death. It is the integration of safety in to the daily work process. It is also the promotion of an environment, where each person in the hierarchy, has a role and responsibility for safety. It is an established fact that out of one hundred accidents, eighty eight account for human error and only twelve relate to machine failures. There are numerous international codes, laws, and legislations in developed countries regulating the whole gamut of industrial activities starting from the drawing and design state up to completion and regular operation, upkeep and maintenance.
Additional Info
  • Publisher: Laxmi Publications
  • Language: English
  • ISBN : 978-93-81159-43-9
  • Chapter 1

    Industrial safety Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    The world at present is passing through a very critical stage and the very existence of the entire animal and plant life is in danger. Man has strived to go beyond and behind nature to seek the meaning and purpose of existence. Is nature’s realm only a veil behind which lies concealed an invisible inscrutable ineffable reality? Are natural objects and effects but a flickering procession of shadows of things beyond the reach of human sense as Plato speculated in his haunting parable of the cave. Are they merely the illusory, ephemeral appearances of an absolute that lies beyond speech, thought, invention, progress and prosperity? The man is madly in search of the absolute. Continual changes and development all over the world are accompanied with changes in machin- ery, technologies, materials used and changes of working means and labour relations. These changes no doubt require adequate adjustments in labour protection. In many areas, this regulation has caused changes in previous approaches and methods and also in the philosophy of labour protection, increasing moral, social, economical and legal obligations. One of the key principle of labour protection policy is the obligation to assess risk at work. This principle has developed into comprehensive theories from a new scientific field—industrial hazard and prevention studies.
  • Chapter 2

    Accident prevention Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    The concept of prevention and predictive maintenance of accident and loss prevention is being introduced because techniques are available, if implemented adequately, the impact of hazard predictive, accident prevention and loss prevention can be envisaged on a process plant, which is large in scale and equipped with intricate production machines.
  • Chapter 3

    Safety organisation Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

  • Chapter 4

    Fire hazard and fire fighting Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    The relation between man and fire is very old. From the early stages of life on the earth, fire has been of great assistance to the mankind. Life would not have remained life, had the element of fire been taken away. But at the same time, if the fire become uncontrolled, everything is brought to naught. Thus, in one way, the fire is the best friend of mankind and on the other hand, it is also the worst enemy. To stop that fire does not pose an enemy, it is very essential to control and fight the fire most effectively and timely. What type of extinguishing a particular type of fire is a moot question for all of us. Fire engineers have selected the extinguishing media as per the classification of fire. To combat different types of hazards associated with different types of Fire, water, foam, CO2, DCP, Halons and TEC powder have been found suitable extinguishing agents and their detail descrip- tion has been given in the subsequent paragraphs.
  • Chapter 5

    Safety in construction industry Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    Injury is a disease defined as damage caused to the human body by the exchange of energy. Inter- estingly, even “Shushrutra Samhita”, the old Indian text on medicine, considers injury caused by accidents to be a disease. Approximately, 8 lakhs of people die of injury in India every year of which 85% are below the age of 50. The number people killed per year due to road accidents alone is approximately 70.000 and those seriously injured ranges between 15 to 25 lakhs. If you compare this figures with the number of people, who die in every from diseases like cancer, pneumonia, AIDS and heart disease, you realise the latter get importance for beyond the actual loss to society. Surveys have revealed that nearly 70% of the people are willing to accept the low rating to road safety. They are averse to disobedience of traffic rules and this is evident in their retaliatory action in burning buses, trucks and severely beating the drivers, whenever they cause accidents. When we talk of “Road safety”, we must bear in mind that lack of improved design or model of vehicles as per exhotic standard is not enough to curb road accidents. It covers death rate to the extent of one percent only, since car occupants comprise meagre less than 5% of all road accidents in India. Here, we have to take into account issues ranging from helmet design and safety of three wheelers, trucks, buses to pedestrians and cyclist safety
  • Chapter 6

    Occupational health hazards (industrywise) Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    The 14th World Congress on occupational safety and health which was held in Madrid, Spain from 22nd to 26th April, 1996 reaffirmed the importance of protecting working people against injury and diseases at work. It also reaffirmed that humanization of work is a basic requirement for the achievement of social justice. According to a report from the International Social Security Association (ISSA), in every three minutes, some where in the world, a person dies in an occupational accident or from an occupational disease. Each second, at least four persons are injured in the work place. Out of every 100 fat acci- dents, 7 are occupational accidents, 37 are traffic accidents and 56 occur outside working hours.
  • Chapter 7

    Environment Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    In this chapter, environment is divided in two parts i.e., environment hazards and pollution at work places and global environmental change that leads to total destruction of human and plant life in the globe. I have stretched the issue little further and provided wide scope for discussion on the present burning problems of global warming, climate change, emission of Green house gases and imminent danger that is likely to fall on the habitants of Earth.
  • Chapter 8

    Security management Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    Security of a State or Country means only against war, invasion, revolution, internal rebellion, sabotage, etc. Variety and needs of security also vary from country to country from large and powerful states to small and weak ones and these are known to all of us. I am not going to discuss here the state or for that matter, the global security. I am now concerned with the security of Industries, social and personal security like banks, offices, hospitals, factories, residential homes and personnel security of individuals. For public sector industries the CIS largely looks after their security aspects.
  • Chapter 9

    Industrial security (industrywise) Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

  • Chapter 10

    Security organisation Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    After World War II, Commerce and Industry began to suffer financial losses, due to theft and other illegal activities, which resulted in companies deciding that they needed some form of protection for their assets and property in about 1947, the age of the security officer was born. At that time, it was thought that, having a man present on the site during silent hours would be sufficient to prevent the types of losses that were occurring. This was the advent of the security officer but he was no more than a night watchman

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