This volume contains papers presented at The 2013 International Conference on Scientific Computing (CSC’13). Their inclusion in this publication does not necessarily constitute endorsements by editors or by the publisher. An important mission of the World Congress in Computer Science, Computer Engineering, and Applied Computing (a federated congress to which this conference is affiliated with) includes "Providing a unique platform for a diverse community of constituents composed of scholars, researchers, developers, educators, and practitioners. The Congress makes concerted effort to reach out to participants affiliated with diverse entities (such as: universities, institutions, corporations, government agencies, and research centers/labs) from all over the world. The congress also attempts to connect participants from institutions that have teaching as their main mission with those who are affiliated with institutions that have research as their main mission. The congress uses a quota system to achieve its institution and geography diversity objectives." By any definition of diversity, this congress is among the most diverse scientific meeting in USA. We are proud to report that this federated congress has authors and participants from 82 different nations representing variety of personal and scientific experiences that arise from differences in culture and values. As can be seen (see below), the program committee of this conference as well as the program committee of all other tracks of the federated congress are as diverse as its authors and participants.
Additional Info
  • Publisher: Laxmi Publications
  • Language: English
  • ISBN : 978-93-84872-14-4
  • Chapter 1

    Multi-Species Screening in Anti-Ferromagnetic Pair-Annihilation Model Simulations Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    Pair-annihilation process models capture the behaviour of important reactions amongst fundamental physical but also chemical systems. We develop a lattice-based pairannihilation model based on Kawasaki exchange dynamics and with diffusion properties controlled by a latticegas temperature.
     

  • Chapter 2

    Application of LabVIEW® and SoildWorks®- based Simulation Technique to Hybrid Motion Blending of a 6-axis Articulated Robot Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    In general, the movement strategy of industrial robots can be divided into two kinds, PTP (Point to Point) and CP (Continuous Path). In order to cope with high-speed handling of the cooperation of industrial robots with machine tools or other devices, CP should be implemented so as to reduce vibration and noise, as well as decreasing travel time. In this paper, we will realize CP motion (especially hybrid motion) blending in 3-dimensional space for a 6-axis articulated (lab-manufactured) robot (called as “RS2”) by using LabVIEW® programming, based on a parametric interpolation.
     

  • Chapter 3

    Application of Simulation-XⓇ based Simulation Technique to Notch Shape Optimization for a Variable Swash Plate Type Piston Pump Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    This paper focuses on the development of a simulation technique that can calculate the reduction effect of the pressure/flow ripples. First,, the theoretical kinematic analysis according to the variable swash plate angle will be presented to establish the mathematical theory of single piston in order to design single piston pump using the Simulation-XⓇ.

  • Chapter 4

    Parallelization of a Multi-physics Code Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    Roxane is a code recently developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory for multi-physics simulations. The physics capabilities include hydrodynamics, material mixing, radiation, magnetohydrodynamics, etc. This document is to present the main physics capability, basic data structures, parallelization, and IO. The focus will be on parallization.

  • Chapter 5

    Global Sensitivity Analysis of Dam Erosion Models Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    WindowsTM Dam Analysis Modules (WinDAM) is a set of modular software components that can be used to analyze overtopped earthen embankments and internal erosion of embankment dams. These software components are being developed in stages. The initial computational modules address routing of floods through the reservoir with dam overtopping and evaluation of the potential for vegetation or riprap to delay or prevent failure of the embankment.

  • Chapter 6

    Persistence of Plummer-Distributed Small Globular Clusters as a Function of Primordial- Binary Population Size Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    Globular stellar clusters are relatively common. All globular clusters that have been observed are relatively large ( ~104 - 106 stars). In the absence of other influences, many if not all globular clusters continually lose mass as stars escape their gravitational hold. It has been hypothesized that the presence of primordial binaries  helps to increase the persistence of small (~1000-star) globular clusters.

  • Chapter 7

    Scientific Visualization of Occupation Data for Spatial Analysis of Animal Behavior Using OpenGL Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    The overriding goal of this work is to present the implementation of a tool for spatial analysis of georeferenced information as a means of gaining insights into animal behavior from scientific visualization.

  • Chapter 8

    Power Spectra of Ionospheric Scintillation Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    Peculiarities of the spatial power spectrum (SPS) of scattered radiation in magnetized turbulent anisotropic plasma are investigated by smooth perturbation method taking into account diffraction effects. Second order statistical moments: broadening, wave structure functions, angle-of-arrivals, scintillation index are calculated numerically for both anisotropic and power-law correlation functions of electron density fluctuations using experimental data.

  • Chapter 9

    Nonlinear Vibration of Fluid-loaded Double-walled Carbon Nanotubes Subjected To A Moving Load Based on Stochastic FEM Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    This paper adopts stochastic FEM to study the statistical dynamic behaviors of nonlinear vibration of the fluid-conveying double-walled carbon nanotubes (DWCNTs) under a moving load by considering the effects of the geometric nonlinearity and the nonlinearity of van der Waals (vdW) force.

  • Chapter 10

    Pulsatile Flow of Hershel- Bulkley Fluid in Tapered Blood Vessels Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    The present paper sheds some light on investigating the effect of pulsatility on flow through a tapered artery.  Blood has been represented by a non- Newtonian fluid obeying Herschel-Bulkley equation. Using the Reynolds number as the perturbation parameter, a perturbation technique is adopted to solve the resulting quasi-steady non-linear coupled implicit system of differential equations.

  • Chapter 11

    Classical Dynamic Ising Model Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    We discuss the dynamics of the Ising model as a computational mesoscopic system. The simplicity of the Ising model allows a Hamiltonian dynamics to be developed from renormalization group theory considerations for the model which is not overly complicated and preserves a close connection with thermodynamics.
     

  • Chapter 12

    FLOW OF A MICROPOLAR FLUID THROUGH A STENOSED ARTERY WITH RADIALLY VARIABLE VISCOSITY Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    A study of the steady flow of blood through a horizontally symmetric artery with mild stenosis is presented by considering blood as a micropolar fluid. The viscosity of blood is considered as radial coordinate dependent. The non-linear pressure equations governing the flow are solved numerically using finite difference technique.

  • Chapter 13

    A framework for scientific data management in the cloud Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    The efficient management of scientific data has been an increasing challenge until now, because of the complexity, diversity and size of the data, query sets and user groups. Cloud computing gives possibilities for offering adaptive large-scale services for the management of scientific data that promise to tackle this challenge.

  • Chapter 14

    An Effective Method for Managing Voluminous Data: Reducing Data to Significant Size for Efficient Results Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    The emergence of large, complex datasets has made effective data processing a challenging task for existing methods. In spite of this, organizing large datasets is a difficult task regardless of the technologies. However, this research proposes effective methods that can be utilized for managing, analyzing, and extracting useful information from large, diverse data.

  • Chapter 15

    Reverse Factorization and Comparison of Factorization Algorithms in attack to RSA Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    Factorization algorithms have a major role in the computer security and cryptography. Most of the widely used cryptographic algorithms, like RSA, are built on the mathematical difficulty of factorization for big prime numbers. This research, proposes a new approach to the factorization by using two new enhancements. The new approach is also compared with six different factorization algorithms and evaluated the performance on a big data environment.

  • Chapter 16

    A Random Number Based Method for Monte Carlo Integration Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    A new method is proposed for Monte Carlo integration. This method is more efficient with wider coverage, including improper integrals, while the classical Monte Carlo integration can only handle bounded domain integrals. To implement this method in computer programming, you only need a random number  generator.

  • Chapter 17

    Design of an Efficient Object-Oriented Software for an FPGA-based Scan Probe Microscope Controller Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    Modern advancements in computing hardware, namely FPGAs, have allowed greater flexibility in system design. However, deciding how to make use of this flexibility can be a challenge. A control system for a scanning probe microscope usually requires multiple devices, which has several downsides.

  • Chapter 18

    The development and validation of the creep damage constitutive equations for P91 Alloy Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    This paper presents research on the validation of a set of creep damage constitutive equations for P91 alloy under multi-axial states of stress, and its applicability under lower stress level. Creep damage is one of the serious problems for the high temperature industries and computational creep damage has been developed and used, complementary to the experimental approach, to assist safe operation.
     

  • Chapter 19

    Neural Network Binary Multiplier Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    Almost all signal processing applications de-mand a considerable number of multiplications. As addition, multiplication is also the speed-limiting element in the core of arithmetic logic unit (ALU) in a microprocessor. In this paper, the perceptron of artificial neural network (ANN) is used to build a binary multiplier, named neural network binary multiplier(NNBM).

  • Chapter 20

    The development of finite element analysis software for creep damage analysis Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    The development and application of computational creep damage is very active among research community and high temperature industry. This paper presents a development and preliminary validation of in-house finite element analysis software for creep damage analysis. The Fortran 90 and existing finite element library were adopted and used in the software development. The validation case study was conducted and reported, using uni-axial creep case.

  • Chapter 21

    Implementing Universal CNN Neuron Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    The universal CNN neuron can realize arbitrary Boolean functions including both linearly separable Boolean functions (LSBF) and linearly not separable Boolean functions (non-LSBF). However, determining the optimal (or near-optimal) orientation vector and the parameters in the multi-nested discriminant function contained within a universal CNN neuron is still a difficult task.
     

  • Chapter 22

    Practical guidance on the application of R-K integration method in finite element analysis of creep damage problem Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    A practical user guidance of Runge-Kutta (R-K) integration method with the context of non-linear time dependent finite element analysis (FEA) was proposed in this paper. Following the literature review of different integration method within the finite element analysis framework, detailed numerical experiments were conducted to find out the right balance between computing accuracy and efficiency. It contributes to knowledge to the numerical analysis software development in general and specific to computational creep damage mechanics.

  • Chapter 23

    On the exact explicit solutions of a generalized (2+1)-dimensional Zakharov-Kuznetsov-Benjamin-Bona-Mahony equation Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    This paper obtains the solutions of the generalized two-dimensional nonlinear Zakharov-Kuznetsov-Benjamin-Bona-Mahony (ZK-BBM) equation. The Lie group analysis is used to carry out the integration of this equation. Furthermore, we employ the simplest equation method to obtain more exact solutions. The solutions obtained are solitary waves.

  • Chapter 24

    Emergent properties, identical elements in a recursive loop and systems with unobservable energy Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    Our goal is to demonstrate how, with a selfgenerating operator, can be achieved emergent properties and how the measurements of a physical system can be expressed by a recursive bi-cyclic, in the S/T. We pushed this to determine level jumps and identical entities, and how the two are related to each other. In addition, by analogy with the numerical model, we try to prove the existence of a change in energy between aggregate system and single( or unique) system. Conceptualize the possibility that a system, with identical entities, has a form of unobservable energy.

  • Chapter 25

    Intuitionistic Fuzzy Bi-Ideal of a Ring Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    In this paper, the notion of intuitionistic fuzzy biideal of a ring are defined and discussed. Some of their properties are studied.

  • Chapter 26

    A review of creep deformation and rupture mechanisms of low Cr-Mo alloy for the development of creep damage constitutive equations under lower stress Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    This paper presents a review of creep deformation and rupture mechanisms of low Cr-Mo alloy for the development of its creep damage constitutive equations under lower stress level. The existing phenomenological type of creep damage constitutive equations, proposed and developed by Hayhurst, do suffer the deficiency of inaccuracy in predicting the creep strain under multi-axial situation. Furthermore, it was not developed specifically for low stress.
     

  • Chapter 27

    A combined algorithm for analyzing structural controllability and observability of complex networks Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    In this paper a combined algorithm for analyzing structural controllability and observability of complex networks is presented. The algorithm addresses the two fundamental properties to guarantee structural controllability of a system: the absence of dilations and the accessibility of all nodes. The first problem is reformulated as a Maximum Matching search and it is addressed via the Hopcroft-Karp algorithm; the second problem is solved via a new wiring algorithm. Both algorithms can be combined to efficiently determine the number of required controllers and observers as well as the new required connections in order to guarantee controllability and observability in real complex networks. An application to a Twitter social network with over 100,000 nodes illustrates the proposed algorithms.

  • Chapter 28

    Comparison between Hermite and Sinc collocation methods for solving steady flow of a third grade fluid in a porous half space Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    In this paper, we provide a collocation method for the problem of steady flow of a third grade fluid in a porous half space. This problem is a nonlinear, two-point boundary value problem (BVP) on semi-infinite interval. We use two orthogonal functions namely Hermite and Sinc functions which will be defined as basis functions in this approach and compare them together.

  • Chapter 29

    Review of creep deformation and rupture mechanism of P91 alloy for the development of creep damage constitutive equations under low stress level Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    This paper presents a review of creep deformation and rupture mechanism of P91 alloy for the development of its creep damage constitutive equations under lower stress level. Creep damage is one of the serious problems for the high temperature industries and computational approach (such as continuum damage mechanics) has been developed and used, complementary to the experimental approach, to assist safe operation. However, there are no ready creep damage constitutive equations to be used for prediction the lifetime for this type of alloy, partially under low stress.

  • Chapter 30

    Numerical Simulation of Supersonic Combustion Using Liquid Hydrocarbon Fuel Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    Supersonic combustion using liquid hydrocarbon fuel is characterized by high temperature, high speed and complicated multiphase flow. It is very hard to measure its detailed reaction and flow structure. Therefore, in the present study, a computational model, adopting the SST-k-ω turbulent model and the finite-rate combustion model, is developed for the supersonic turbulent spray-combustion flow.

  • Chapter 31

    New exact solutions of a coupled Korteweg-de Vries equation Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    In this paper, (G′=G)􀀀expansion method is employed to derive the exact travelling wave solutions of a coupled Korteweg-de Vries equation. Three types of solutions are obtained, namely, hyperbolic function solutions, trigonometric function solutions and rational solutions. These solutions include the soliton solutions also.

  • Chapter 32

    Solutions to a System Containing Singular Integro-Differential Equations Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    This study presents analytical solution and numerical solution to a dynamical system, introduced by Herdman and Turi [10], that consists of an integro-differential equation with a weakly singular kernel.

  • Chapter 33

    From Turing Machine to Hyper Computational Systems and Quantum Theory, a Conceptual Review Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    This paper claims that the achievements of Alan Mathison Turing in computer science and informatics are comparable to those of Albert Einstein in physics. Turing‘s contributions are presented through his most important events and achievements, particularly through the concept of the hyper computer; that is, computers that are stronger than the Universal Turing Machines.

  • Chapter 34

    Using the Centinel Data Format to Decouple Data Creation from Data Processing in Scientific Programs Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    Multi-dimensional numerical arrays are a staple of many scientific computer programs, where processing may be intricate but where data structures can be simple. Data for these arrays may be read into the program from text files assembled in advance, often laboriously from multiple sources or from large-scale databases.

  • Chapter 35

    Block Length Optimization in Data Deduplication Technique Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    Recently, massive data growth and data duplication in enterprise systems have led to the use of deduplication techniques. Since we keep multiple versions of files, there may be a large volume of mostly or exactly identical data. Deduplication is a powerful storage optimization technique that can be adopted to manage maintenance issues in data growth.

  • Chapter 36

    Neighbourhood and Number of States dependence of the Transient Period and Cluster Patterns in Cyclic Cellular Automata Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    Cellular automata provide a valuable platform for exploring complex and emergent behaviour. We explore the sensitivity to different neighbourhoods and different number of cellular states of the Cyclic Cellular Automata. This model produces complex kaleidoscopic repeating patterns a short transient period after being initialised randomly. We use component labelling metrics and appropriately chosen ratios to characterise the different model regimes for nearest, next-nearest and Moore neighbourhoods and for a range of allowable cellular states. We discuss the emergent macroscopic behaviours averaged over many independent trajectories through model space and the transition in behaviours.

  • Chapter 37

    A Computational Model for Cultural Intelligence Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    Computational model can be designed with soft computing technologies which are capable of reasoning and learning in an uncertain and imprecise environment. However, in a real practical project, there are many difficult computational bottlenecks in need to break through when using these technologies.

  • Chapter 38

    Fast Operations for Certain Two Alphabet Circulant Matrices Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    In order to efficiently compute some combinatorial designs based upon circulant matrices which have different, defined numbers of 1s and 0s in each row and column we need to find candidate vectors with differing weights and Hamming distances. This paper concentrates on how to efficiently create such circulant matrices. These circulant matrices have applications in signal processing, public key codes and spectography.

About the Author

Professor of Computer Science view complete profile

The University of Georgia (Tbilisi) · Physics Department. Spacial Department view complete profile

Ashu M. G. Solo is an independent interdisciplinary researcher and developer, electrical engineer, computer engineer, intelligent systems engineer, political and public policy engineer, mathematician, political writer, public policy analyst, political operative, entrepreneur, former infantry platoon commander understudy, and progressive activist. Solo has over 500 research and political commentary publications. view complete profile

Fernando G. Tinetti's most popular book is Bioinformatics and Computational Biology. view complete profile

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