The authors have made adequate use of all the available materials for preparing UGC Tests and relevant publications by various authors. The authors have consolidated all the available information in a single volume. They would like to express their deep sense of gratitude to all those who have contributed to the present publication. We are deeply indebted to our most beloved and venerable Guru, Prof. (Dr) A. Sukumaran Nair, former Vice Chancellor of Mahatma Gandhi University for his timely suggestions and expert help and unstinted support which made possible the publication of the present volume. Dr. Nair has been associated with many of the apex bodies, connected with teacher education and higher education like the UGC, NAAC, ICSSR, NCERT, NCTE to name a few. Both the authors of this book were fortunate to be his students and were inspired by his dynamism, expertise and innovative approach to modern education. We have no words to place on record our immense gratitude to our Professor for sparing his valuable time for scrutinizing and correcting the manuscript of this book. We fail to find out an appropriate word in the dictionary that would convey our deep gratitude to our Hon. Vice Chancellor, Dr. M. Abdul Salam. He has so generously accepted our request to go through this big volume. Though we were hesistant to ask such a busy person to write a forwarding note to this book, the way he accepted our request and the encouragement rendered to us make us bow our heads before his graciousness. Despite his hectic official responsibilities Dr. M. Abdul Salam, who is a scientist by profession, spared his precious time to examine these 850 pages and prepared a foreword to his book. We are deeply indebted to him. The authors intend to make periodical revisions of this book every year so as to update the content of the book. We will be greatly obliged to those who point out the mistakes or ambiguities, in this edition, or suggestions if any. We assure them that this will be used for improving the future editions. Wish you all success in the examinations.
Additional Info
  • Publisher: Laxmi Publications
  • Language: English
  • ISBN : 978-93-83828-56-2
  • Chapter 1

    TEACHING APTITUDE Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    One of the prime objectives of the UGC test is to identify candidates with the aptitude to become teachers in the Higher Education Sector. An aptitude does not mean the present ability. It is defined as “present characteristics, indicative of future performance under proper training”. For instance, an aptitude to become a pilot does not mean that the person is at present having the abilities to fly a plane. When compared to another person, if the said person at present possesses certain characteristics like depth perception, intelligence, memory, and lack of problems like acrophobia (fear of heights), he can become a good pilot under proper training and future exposures. Similarly an aptitude for teaching means the present characteristics of a person that indicate future performance as a good teacher.
  • Chapter 2

    RESEARCH APTITUDE Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    One of the objectives of this test is to identify candidates for the award of Junior Research Fellowship (J.R.F). The importance of research for generating new knowledge in any discipline is to be well accepted. The economic development of any country depends essentially on the quality of research in critical areas like agriculture, industry, education, basic science, engineering and technology, health sciences, sociology and behavioural sciences, mathematical and statistical sciences etc. All important wings of administration and important organizations have a Research and Analysis Wing (RAW) which turns out advanced research. We have a number of National Laboratories in our country which do specialized research in areas like Physics, Chemistry, Molecular Biology, etc.
  • Chapter 3

    READING COMPREHENSION Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    Reading comprehension questions asses your ability to read and understand a unit of communication presented as a passage. This type of question can be used for testing different abilities and competencies. These include your ability to understand the main ideas in the passage, and your ability to recognize both explicitly stated facts in the passage and the implicit assumptions underlying statements or arguments in the passage together with the implications of the statements. The ability to read and understand the contents of a language communication and understand it is a vital cognitive function. In most of the competitive examinations comprehension questions are included to test this ability. The UGC test gives equal weightage to this component in paper I. Formerly there were two passages in the UGC test, each followed by four questions, thereby making 16 percent weightage (each questions carrying 2 marks – 8 2 = 16). This indicates the importance given to the ability to read and grasp. In the recent revision equal weightage is given to all the ten components of the test i.e., 10 percent for each, including reading comprehension.
  • Chapter 4

    COMMUNICATION Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    The rapid industrialization and advancement of new technology has changed the face of the earth. Modernization and urbanization have already transformed the life style of mankind. It has induced greater mobility from traditional village to modern urban centres. Such vast change has occurred within the last 50 years. The reason for such a change is traceable in the advancement of science and technology. It has reached the people only through the technology of communication. Information explosion is due to the expansion of mass media, which is an essential component of communication.
  • Chapter 5

    REASONING (INCLUDING MATHEMATICAL) Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    The basic idea behind all sorts of reasoning tests is to assess an individual’s intelligence which in popular language means an individual’s ability to reason using abstractions - abstract concepts and processes involving abstractions. This is a test to see how well you can solve problems involving deep analysis and unusual/original thought processes. The questions are designed to assess your ability to deal with different abstract ideas and symbols and deduce their interrelationships and use them for problem solving. A careful study and practice of these questions would familiarize you with the techniques employed for setting the questions so that you can take the examination with greater confidence. If we examine the syllabus of the UGC test and analyze the question papers of the previous NET/JRF examinations, we can see that the items given below are typical of the items included in the test.
  • Chapter 6

    LOGICAL REASONING Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    Forcefulness of Arguments The term ‘argument’ is fairly well-known to need any special discussion. It stands for an accepted mode of arguing for the validity of a stand which one is taking in respect of a problem area about which different opinions are held by different people. An argument could be effective (carries conviction to most) or ineffective depending upon the force of the logic used in support of the argument and the communication techniques used for the purpose. We can identify the basic criteria used for judging the appropriateness of an argument. An ‘argument’ can either be strong or weak. There is no fixed rule for reaching the solution; what is possible in a situation you can evolve a few dependable guidelines to help you in locating the ‘strength of an argument’.
  • Chapter 7

    DATA INTERPRETATION Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    An important intellectual skill expected of a researcher is the ability to understand, represent and interpret the data collected for research in the forms which are either self – interpreting or can be understood using standard conventions. Data collected can be converted into tables, diagrams, and graphs of different kinds - like histograms, bar diagrams and pie diagrams, etc. Even while planning a research project, the researcher will have to think about the collection of data, tools appropriate for collecting data, and the analysis and interpretation of data using the different methods listed earlier. For a researcher who reads the related studies in journals, dissertations, research abstracts, etc. the ability to interpret the presentations by researchers is very crucial. Most of the researchers use the diagrammatic and graphical techniques to present their findings in a more intelligible form.
  • Chapter 8

    INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    a. Information and Communication Technology (ICT) ICT, is well-accepted and has considerable role in modern educational practice. The use of ICT involves drafting and re-drafting, editing and selecting, making connections among what is known and generating new knowledge from the interaction with what is already known. ICT can provide opportunities for simulated learning, meta-cognition stimulates higher order thinking and can develop a social basis for all forms of learning. It helps immensely in breaking subject boundaries and acts as the foundation for developing project-based, real-world (‘authentic’) learning. Student-centered learning and intrinsic motivation are also among the advantages of using ICT in education. The above described features of the ICT can be considered as a corollary for developing a constructivist approach to learning. In the new learning context where neither the teacher nor the text book is the repository of all knowledge, the internet acts as a medium for the practice of constructivism in learning. This is because the ICT is an expanding store of accessible information and it requires students to evaluate and select relevant information and helps them to select their own pathways for learning. The internet questions the conventional notions of authority, validity and even the nature and ownership of knowledge. Internet knowledge is non-hierarchical. Student-centered learning is a natural consequence of the use of the internet where every learner has access to existing knowledge which can be accrued, stored, classified and recalled within short time. It gives greater control over learning by the learner.
  • Chapter 9

    PEOPLE AND ENVIRONMENT Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    Environment is the totality or the complex of natural, built and social components that impact on human life directly or indirectly. Natural components include all the physical and natural phenomena that exist in surrounding nature. Built components include all that is around us that are built by human beings to increase their comforts. Social components constitute a set of cultural, moral and personal values and principles and their interrelations which often control human behaviour.
  • Chapter 10

    HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM: GOVERNANCE, POLITY AND ADMINISTRATION Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    It is essential for a teacher in higher education institution to know about its structure, functions and administrative set up if he has to function effectively within the system. A researcher is also expected to acquaint himself with the above details, and also the details of the facilities available in various institutions of higher learning and national level research centres. This section is meant for discussing and developing the most important notions about the structure and functions of the higher education system in India - its governance, the various aspects of its management, the different categories of higher education institutions in India and the leading centres of research in India, the facilities they provide, and a host of other such details. Without this knowledge a teacher in higher education as a researcher cannot guide his student for further studies and higher researches. The teacher himself can enhance the horizons of his knowledge, availing of the facilities offered by these institutions. The knowledge about the objectives and functions about the UGC also is essential. The UGC has included this component in the revised curriculum for NET/JRF Examinations for obvious reasons.
  • Chapter 11

    UGC NET-JRF EXAMINATION DECEMBER 2004 Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    UGC NET-JRF EXAMINATION DECEMBER 2004
  • Chapter 12

    UGC NET-JRF EXAMINATION DECEMBER 2005 Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    UGC NET-JRF EXAMINATION DECEMBER 2005
  • Chapter 13

    UGC NET-JRF EXAMINATION JUNE 2006 SOLVED QUESTION PAPER Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    UGC NET-JRF EXAMINATION JUNE 2006 SOLVED QUESTION PAPER
  • Chapter 14

    UGC NET-JRF EXAMINATION DECEMBER 2006 SOLVED QUESTION PAPER Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    UGC NET-JRF EXAMINATION DECEMBER 2006 SOLVED QUESTION PAPER
  • Chapter 15

    UGC NET-JRF EXAMINATION JUNE 2007 SOLVED QUESTION PAPER Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    UGC NET-JRF EXAMINATION JUNE 2007 SOLVED QUESTION PAPER
  • Chapter 16

    UGC NET-JRF EXAMINATION DECEMBER 2007 SOLVED QUESTION PAPER Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    UGC NET-JRF EXAMINATION DECEMBER 2007 SOLVED QUESTION PAPER
  • Chapter 17

    UGC NET-JRF EXAMINATION JUNE 2008 SOLVED QUESTION PAPER Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    UGC NET-JRF EXAMINATION JUNE 2008 SOLVED QUESTION PAPER
  • Chapter 18

    UGC NET-JRF EXAMINATION DECEMBER 2008 SOLVED QUESTION PAPER Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    UGC NET-JRF EXAMINATION DECEMBER 2008 SOLVED QUESTION PAPER
  • Chapter 19

    UGC NET-JRF EXAMINATION JUNE 2009 SOLVED QUESTION PAPER Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    UGC NET-JRF EXAMINATION JUNE 2009 SOLVED QUESTION PAPER
  • Chapter 20

    UGC NET-JRF EXAMINATION DECEMBER 2009 SOLVED QUESTION PAPER Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    UGC NET-JRF EXAMINATION DECEMBER 2009 SOLVED QUESTION PAPER
  • Chapter 21

    UGC NET-JRF EXAMINATION JUNE 2010 SOLVED QUESTION PAPER Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    UGC NET-JRF EXAMINATION JUNE 2010 SOLVED QUESTION PAPER
  • Chapter 22

    UGC NET-JRF EXAMINATION DECEMBER 2010 SOLVED QUESTION PAPER Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    UGC NET-JRF EXAMINATION DECEMBER 2010 SOLVED QUESTION PAPER
  • Chapter 23

    UGC NET-JRF EXAMINATION JUNE 2011 SOLVED QUESTION PAPER Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    UGC NET-JRF EXAMINATION JUNE 2011 SOLVED QUESTION PAPER
  • Chapter 24

    UGC NET-JRF EXAMINATION DECEMBER 2011 SOLVED QUESTION PAPER Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    UGC NET-JRF EXAMINATION DECEMBER 2011 SOLVED QUESTION PAPER
  • Chapter 25

    UGC NET-JRF EXAMINATION JUNE 2012 SOLVED QUESTION PAPER Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    UGC NET-JRF EXAMINATION JUNE 2012 SOLVED QUESTION PAPER
  • Chapter 26

    UGC NET-JRF EXAMINATION DECEMBER 2012 SOLVED QUESTION PAPER Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    UGC NET-JRF EXAMINATION DECEMBER 2012 SOLVED QUESTION PAPER
  • Chapter 27

    UGC NET-JRF EXAMINATION JUNE 2013 SOLVED QUESTION PAPER Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    UGC NET-JRF EXAMINATION JUNE 2013 SOLVED QUESTION PAPER
  • Chapter 28

    UGC NET-JRF EXAMINATION DECEMBER 2013 SOLVED QUESTION PAPER Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    UGC NET-JRF EXAMINATION DECEMBER 2013 SOLVED QUESTION PAPER
  • Chapter 29

    MODEL QUESTION PAPER - 1 Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    MODEL QUESTION PAPER - 1
  • Chapter 30

    MODEL QUESTION PAPER - 2 Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    MODEL QUESTION PAPER - 2
  • Chapter 31

    MODEL QUESTION PAPER - 3 Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    MODEL QUESTION PAPER - 3
  • Chapter 32

    MODEL QUESTION PAPER - 4 Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    MODEL QUESTION PAPER - 4
  • Chapter 33

    MODEL QUESTION PAPER - 5 Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    MODEL QUESTION PAPER - 5
  • Chapter 34

    MODEL QUESTION PAPER - 6 Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    MODEL QUESTION PAPER - 6
  • Chapter 35

    MODEL QUESTION PAPER - 7 Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    MODEL QUESTION PAPER - 7
  • Chapter 36

    MODEL QUESTION PAPER - 10 Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    MODEL QUESTION PAPER - 10
  • Chapter 37

    MODEL QUESTION PAPER - 8 Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    MODEL QUESTION PAPER - 8
  • Chapter 38

    MODEL QUESTION PAPER - 11 Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    MODEL QUESTION PAPER - 11
  • Chapter 39

    MODEL QUESTION PAPER - 12 Price 2.99  |  2.99 Rewards Points

    MODEL QUESTION PAPER - 12

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