The term ‘law’ is used in many senses. Depending upon the context in which the term is used, we speak of the laws of science, ethics, games and sport, etc. In the context of physical and natural sciences the term law means uniformity in nature and in other branches of knowledge, the term refers to rule of external human action. Therefore, whether it is scientific law, social law or moral law, the term ‘law’ in its widest sense means a rule of action.
Law, in simple terms mean ‘rules’. Rules include a set code of conduct to regulate external
human actions and conduct in their dealing with each other and with the government. Man is a
social being and comes into contact with people in different capacities. In all his associations, he is expected to observe a code of conduct. The basic objective of law is to make human associations possible and conducive to the welfare of the society. For example, with a vehicle mechanic for
repair of the vehicle, with a tailor to get a dress stitched, with the government as a taxpayer or with
the seller of goods, as a buyer. In all these associations, he is expected to observe code of conduct – these are called rules. The objective of these rules is to make human association conducive for the welfare of the State and its people.